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How to embed

Embed the AutoConnect to the Sketch

Here hold two case examples. Both examples perform the same function. Only how to incorporate the AutoConnect into the Sketch differs. Also included in the sample folder, HandlePortal.ino also shows how to use the PageBuilder library for HTML assemblies.

What does this example do?

Uses the web interface to light the LED connected to the D0 (sometimes called BUILTIN_LED) port of the NodeMCU module like the following animation.

Access to the ESP8266 module connected WiFi from the browser then the page contains the current value of the D0 port would be displayed. The page has the buttons to switch the port value. The LED will blink according to the value with clicked by the button. This example is a typical sketch of manipulating ESP8266's GPIO via WLAN.

Embed AutoConnect library into this sketch. There are few places to be changed. And you can use AutoConnect's captive portal function to establish a connection freely to other WiFi spots.

Embed AutoConnect

Pattern A.

Bind to ESP8266WebServer, performs handleClient with handleRequest.

In what situations should the handleRequest be used.

It is something needs to be done immediately after the handle client. It is better to call only AutoConnect::handleClient whenever possible.

Pattern B.

Declare only AutoConnect, performs handleClient.

Used with MQTT as a client application

The effect of AutoConnect is not only for ESP8266/ESP32 as the web server. It has advantages for something WiFi client as well. For example, AutoConnect is also convenient for publishing MQTT messages from various measurement points. Even if the SSID is different for each measurement point, it is not necessary to modify the Sketch.

In this example, it is trying to publish a WiFi signal strength being received ESP8266 through the services on the cloud that can visualize the live data streams for IoT. Using the IoT platform provided by ThingSpeak™, the ESP8266 publishes RSSI values to ThingSpeak MQTT broker channel via the MQTT client library.

This example is a good indication of the usefulness of AutoConnect, as RSSI values can typically measure different intensities for each access point. By simply adding a few lines to the Sketch, you do not have to rewrite and upload the Sketch for each access point.

Advance procedures

  • Arduino Client for MQTT - It's the PubSubClient, install it to Arduino IDE. If you have the latest version already, this step does not need.
  • Create a channel on ThingSpeak.
  • Get the Channel API Keys from ThingSpeak, put its keys to the Sketch.

The ThingSpeak is the open IoT platform. It is capable of sending data privately to the cloud and analyzing, visualizing its data. If you do not have an account of ThingSpeak, you need that account to proceed further. ThingSpeak has the free plan for the account which uses within the scope of this example.1 You can sign up with the ThingSpeak sign-up page.

Whether you should do sign-up or not.

You are entrusted with the final judgment of account creation for ThingSpeak. Create an account at your own risk.

Create a channel on ThingSpeak

Sign in ThingSpeak. Select Channels to show the My Channels, then click New Channel.

At the New Channel screen, enter each field as a below. And click Save Channel at the bottom of the screen to save.

  • Name: ESP8266 Signal Strength
  • Description: ESP8266 RSSI publish
  • Field1: RSSI

Get Channel ID and API Keys

The channel successfully created, you can see the channel status screen as a below. Channel ID is displayed there.2

Here, switch the channel status tab to API Keys. The API key required to publish the message is the Write API Key.

The last key you need is the User API Key and can be confirmed it in the user profile. Pull down Account from the top menu, select My profile. Then you can see the ThingSpeak settings and the User API Key is displayed middle of this screen.

Sketch publishes messages

The mqttRSSI.ino sketch registered in the AutoConnect GitHub repository is the complete code for publishing RSSI to the ThingSpeak channel. It is a sketch with the AutoConnectAux extension pages that allow you to flexibly configure the channel information you create as ThingSpeak channels.

Parameters for the ThingSpeak MQTT channels

Various settings of the MQTT Setting for the ThingSpeak channels via the above AutoConnectAux are following:

  • Server: mqtt.thingspeak.com
  • Channel ID: Specify the channel ID that can be confirmed with ThingSpeak My Channels page.
  • User Key: Specify the User API Key of the API Keys that can be confirmed with ThingSpeak My Profile page.
  • API Key: Specify the Write API Key that can be confirmed by following navigate to "ThingSpeak My Channels > Your Channel Name > API Keys Tab > Write API Key".

Publish messages

After upload and reboot complete, the message publishing will start via the access point now set. The message carries RSSI as the current WiFi signal strength. The signal strength variations in RSSI are displayed on ThingSpeak's Channel status screen.

How embed to your sketches

For the client sketches, the code required to connect to WiFi is the following four parts only.

  1. #include directive3

    Include AutoConnect.h header file behind the include of ESP8266WiFi.h.

  2. Declare AutoConnect

    The declaration of the AutoConnect variable is not accompanied by ESP8266WebServer.

  3. Invokes "begin()"

    Call AutoConnect::begin. If you need to assign a static IP address, executes AutoConnectConfig before that.

  4. Performs "handleClent()" in "loop()"

    Invokes AutoConnect::handleClient() at inside loop() to enable the AutoConnect menu.


  1. As of March 21, 2018. 

  2. '454951' in the example above, but your channel ID should be different. 

  3. #include <ESP8266WebServer.h> does not necessary for uses only client.